Thursday, July 2, 2015

WWII Photos of Soldiers and Sailors

One of our archival items is a scrapbook done by an unknown maker at an unknown date. However, we believe it was made about the time of WWII, and we are asking our readers to help us date it, among other things.  Over the next few days (or weeks) we will be posting a page, and then the individual pictures enlarged from that page.  Since the majority of pages are individual cut-outs of soldiers' photographs, perhaps you will know about some of the individuals.  If so, please tell us as much about that particular service man (or woman) as you know, so we can put the information with the photo in our WWII files.  If you know where the individual is buried,(or they are still alive!) we would like that information also.  If the person was not a Lawrence County resident, that would also be helpful.

 On this first page, (actually page 3 of album) the third from the left top line photo is David Lagenour from Hazleton, Indiana.  He was the first American soldier from this section of Indiana to be captured by the Germans, in the North African campaign.  (That might help us date the album.)  The only US Navy nurse to escape from Bataan and Corregidor before they fell to the Japanese, Anne Agnes Bernotitos is shown at the bottom right.  Here are the other 13 on the page.
Lawrence Cloyd Baldwin

Donald Piper
H.G. Heer, Radio Technician

1st Lt Eugene L Ledeker

Corp Harold Rodrick

Lt Condr Ira Johnson

Lt Paul Brausa

Lt Paul I Wagner USNR

Pvt Chas Fiscus, son of County Superintendent of Schools and Mrs Glen Fiscus. 

Pvt Donald Merle Ridgley

Sgt George C Angle

Sgt George Shepard
1st Lt Charles L Daily

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Gladys Hedde and the Baby Shop

Daily Record July 7, 1971
Mrs. Hedde retires after 45 years of success    By Betty May Moore
Handing over the keys to Hedde's Gift and Baby Shop is
Mrs. Gladys Hedde, founder, (left) and
accepting them are Patty and Wayne Schlanker, the new owners.
Hedde’s Gift & Baby Shop now has new owners for the first time since it was established 45 years ago.
            Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Schlanker took possession of the business Tuesday morning, July 6, and Mrs. Gladys Hedde began a new experience as a retired business woman.
            Mrs. Schlanker, better known to her many friends as Patty, is an experienced saleswoman.  She was employed by Delzell’s for a number of months and has been in the Hedde store for several weeks prior to buying it.  She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Gay in Lawrenceville.
            Wayne Schlanker is also an experienced salesman, having 15 years’ experience with a drug company.  He is the son of Mrs. George Schlanker of Jonesburg, Missouri.
            The couple are the parents of two children:  Mike, 19, is a student at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale (Illinois), and Holly, 7, is a second grader in Arlington School.
            Hedde Gift & Baby Shop had its beginning in October, 1926, when Gladys Hedde opened a small business specializing in hand made clothing for infants in one room of her home.  Throughout the years, the business flourished and is now one of the most widely known stores featuring clothing for infants, children, and pre-teens.
            After operating her new business at home for one year, Gladys Hedde was forced to find larger quarters for her infants’ wear and needlework, due to customer demands for her products.  She then moved to the building now occupied by Neeley’s Shoe Repair Shop on North Twelfth Street where she remained for two years.
In 1929, Hedde’s Gift & Baby Shop was again in need of larger quarters.  Mrs. Hedde then moved her stock and supplies to the old Connett house, then located where the J.C. Penney building stands today.
A final move was made to the recent location on the northwest corner of Twelfth and State streets where Hedde’s Gift & Baby Shop was continued to flourish the past 15 years.
In spite of the depression years, when so many small businesses were forced out of existence, Gladys Hedde overcame all obstacles in her quest for bigger and better things for her business.  She came through with flying colors, efficiently handling the dual responsibilities of managing a thriving business and rearing a family of two children at the same time.
It’s truly ‘A Children’s World,” a slogan, Mrs. Hedde established for her business many years ago, because everything is for the ‘youngerset’ in the way of merchandise offered through the store. Not only will one find the erstwhile infants’ wear, but also a full line of clothing for children of all ages including pre-teens.
In May, 1951. Mrs. Hedde opened a department for Juniors which met with astounding success.  The business in that department grew to such proportions that it became necessary for Mrs. Hedde to find larger quarters in the building now occupied by Underwood’s Booterie on the north side of the Square.  This business was known as the Fashion Shop.  In 1956, it was sold to Pauline Vinsel, who in turn sold the stock to Hazel Whitmer in 1962 and the business was renamed Hazel’s.  Mrs. Whitmer sold the business to Tonya Matracia in 1970 and is now one of the better teenage clothing shops in the area.
            Regarded as one of the best known shops of its type in this section of Illinois and Indiana, Hedde’s Gift & Baby Shop is certainly a monumental tribute to its founder.
            Managing a thriving business is naturally confining and time-consuming occupation, but Gladys Hedde has found time to be active in community affairs.  She is a member of the First Christian Church, Lawrence County Business and Professional Woman’s Club, Lawrence County Chamber of Commerce, Lawrenceville Merchants Association and Wabash Valley Association, having taken a post active part in all.
            She has, alone, provided college educations for her daughter, Donna, and son, Charles.  The daughter now lives in Greenwood, Indiana, where she is a school teacher.  The son owns and operates Hedde Pharmacy in Lawrenceville (Illinois).
            A sterling example of the successful accomplishments of a determined individual, Gladys Hedde most certainly deserves the well-earned rest and enjoyments to which she is looking forward in her retirement from active business.   

Don't forget to check the businesses around the square frequently to see what we have added, and if you have a photo that you think we would like to see, just send it by email. 

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Birds and Russellville News and Gossip of 1883

Robinson Constitution (thanks to David Foote for the research)

June 27, 1883-Bird Station
A man by the name of Moore from Jefferson Co., has been selling liquor here for the past three months, most of the time without license and on several occasions has walked the streets flourishing a revolver, swearing he would do as he pleased, if any interfered he would make them sorry for it. A few evenings ago he went to Lindsay & Bristow's drug store with a revolver in one hand and a club in the other broke in the front windows and intimidated every man he met on the streets. Last Friday night about 25 men well mounted and armed rode into this place, went into the saloon, after gaining entrance, placed a guard outside to keep anyone else from entering; they then completely demolished the contents of the house (saloon) and piled them out in the streets. Moore made his escape, or the probabilities are he would have been severely dealt with. His clerk was not hurt. Sheriff Ryan has been after Moore but failed to get him. This little transaction has caused considerable excitement; every man now sleeps with a shotgun by his bed.

On Oct 7 the following article was printed:  
Jesse Moore, who, it will be remembered, sold whisky at Bird Station, last spring, and who came near cleaning out the town before being arrested and afterwards escaped from the officers, was arrested a few days ago while visiting his girl and brought to this place (Robinson)  and lodged in jail. He has since been taken to Springfield by U.S. Deputy Marshall Longenecker, where he will have a hearing in the United States court on the charge of selling whisky without a license.

And a week later:  October 10, 1883
Jesse Moore, who was taken from here to Springfield last week by Ben Longenecker, on the charge of selling liquor, was fined $100 and sent to jail.

June 27, 1883-Bird Station
Mrs. Sarah Merritt, whose husband died in the Robinson jail about a year ago where he was confined for attempting to kill her, was married last week to a Mr. James F Staub of Charlottesville.

Dr. Lindsay has completed the largest and nicest house in town.(Bird Station)

Sumner is the only place in this county that will celebrate the Fourth.

July 4, 1883
Miss Adele (Eddie D)  Hennesse, daughter of Rev. Hennesse, formerly of Robinson, but now of Lawrenceville, was married last week to a Mr. John E Burtis. (7/4/1883)

The members of the Russellville baseball club were recently arrested and fined for playing on the Sabbath.

July 18, 1883
Russellville is "torn up" over a scandal. A married woman there has taken up with a tramp and the injured husband is now dividing his property, preparing to a legal separation.

August 22, 1883
Fourteen indictments were found in Lawrence county grand jury last week against young men for carrying concealed weapons.

September 12, 1883
Dr. Ray, of Lawrence County, died some days ago. He was pretty well known in this county. (Ed Note:  His full name was Thomas J. Ray Jan 8,1812 - Aug 31,1883. His wife and several of their children are buried in Row 22 of the Old Section 2, south side of the road at the East Iron Gate, Lawrenceville Cemetery.)

September 19, 1883
Aaron Shaw
Hon Aaron Shaw, member of Congress from this district, was in attendance at court last week, having been as bondsman of one Garring, of Lawrence County, to the tune of $1,000, indicted for throwing a train from the track on the O. & M. road. The defendant failed to appear and the bond was forfeited. (Shaw was the State's Attorney for the Betsy Reed case.)

Two months later:   November 28, 1883

It will be remembered that at the September term of our court, a forfeiture was taken on the bond of one Theo Garing against Judge Shaw, the security. The fellow was indicted for train wreckage near Vincennes. He was on the 13th arrested neat Tiffin, O., and brought to Lawrenceville.

September 19, 1883- From Birds
R.A. Newman is running a hotel and Bill Bird a barbershop in town.

Tom Steffy, who ruined a young woman near this place, and then married her, absconded some time since, leaving his wife and a good many debts unpaid. He is now stopping near Colwell, Kansas.

Monday, June 29, 2015

Judge Isaac Potts 1819-1906

From the obituary of Judge Isaac Potts, an early pioneer in Lawrence County:

Judge Isaac N. Potts was born in Jeromesville, Wayne County, Ohio April 13, 1819 and died April 3, 1906. He was buried in Lawrenceville  Cemetery.  He was the last of 12 children, eight sons and four daughters. He came to Lawrenceville Illinois May 1, 1839. He was twice married; his first wife was Cynthia Neal, his second Emeline Lewis. To the first union four children were born; to the second 10 children. Both wives and seven children preceded him; 24 grandchildren and seven great grandchildren survived him.

In 1840 he carded wool for Lemuel Powers, the factory standing where Mr. George Lackey's residence now stands in Lawrenceville. May 8, 1846 was the date of his first marriage. He was appointed postmaster at Russellville Illinois under the administration of James K. Polk, but never knew who gave him the appointment. He served two years and resigned; came back to Lawrenceville and carded wool for David Maxwell. Was soon elected Constable and on the death of Duncan Emmons was appointed by the County Commissioners collector of taxes.

In 1851 he was elected Sheriff and served two years, that being the limit of the term of that time. In 1853 he was elected County Treas. and Assessor, both offices going together. He served two years and was elected Justice of the Peace.

In 1863 he was appointed Commissioner of United States Court for the Southern District of Illinois, the appointment coming to him without his applying for it. He was five times elected County judge, serving 21 years, the extra year being on account of the constitutional amendment. The last time he was elected judge he carried the county against an independent candidate, as well as his regular opponent, having a majority of 30 votes. On account of ill health he then retired from public life, Judge Philip Barnes succeeding him. 

While Mr. Potts was Sheriff he took two horse thieves to Joliet in a covered wagon, there being no railroads at that time. Ezra Ridgley drove the wagon; James Grass and John Neff were Mr. Potts’ deputies.

In those days taxes were paid in silver and gold. The tax money delivered to the state treasurer had to be transferred to St. Louis by stagecoach from thence to the state capital by water by way of the Illinois River. He had this money strapped to his body and while nearing the shore the boat caught fire and he almost lost his life and money.

Saturday, June 27, 2015

Lanterman History Village and Spitler Foundation Grant

Pepple School, a one room schoolhouse, and Dr. John Frank Schrader's Office were relocated to Lanterman Park, Bridgeport, IL for preservation in 1976 by the Lawrence County Bicentennial Commission. Due to lack of funding, both historic buildings are now in need of substantial renovation.

Pepple School is a one room schoolhouse originally constructed in approximately 1892 serving the community continuously until 1948. Contained within this structure are period schoolhouse furnishings set up as it would have been when it was in use.

Dr. John Frank Schrader practiced medicine about 1895 in the other building.  This wood frame structure consists of a waiting room in front and an exam room in the rear. Most of Dr. Schrader's original equipment and furnishings are still intact and would be available to use in the restoration of the building. However, major renovation on this structure is needed to be able to allow public access.

The desired goal is to utilize these historic buildings as a site for educational field trips for local schools, and to bring to life the actual conditions and common practices of life in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Hosted by the Historical Society, Red Hill Elementary school students, as well as the St Francisville Academy, and various scout groups have visited the schoolhouse in the past. With more and more money being cut from school budgets, local free field trips are especially important for learning opportunities.  The Historical Society has a volunteer schoolmarm in period clothes, who delivers a program prepared by the Society. A summer day camp has also been proposed if repairs can be made.

The Society feels that educating our youth about the past is an important goal of our organization. By experiencing how a child of 100 years might have been treated by a doctor, or how a one-room school differed from today’s high tech classroom will help students understand and interpret events and developments of the past.

A few years ago, the Society raised money to purchase shingles to re-roof the school building. Called the Buy-A- Bundle campaign, a bundle of shingles was purchased for each $25 donation.    A roofer then graciously volunteered his labor to support the cause.  He has again volunteered to re-roof the doctor’s office if more shingles can be purchased.

But more than just shingles are needed to preserve the buildings if they are going to be used for future educational purposes. The Doctor’s office as it stands now is not safe for children to visit.  The front porch steps need major repairs and back steps need to be built. The flooring needs to be replaced; window sashes and at least one window pane needs to be repaired. Both buildings need to be repainted and the doors need to be secured if the furnishings are to be preserved. 

    The Historical Society is pleased to announce that the Maxine Spitler Foundation, a private foundation that funds projects in Lawrence and Jasper counties for youth activities has awarded $5100 to start the project.  Thank you Maxine Spitler!

Friday, June 26, 2015

Death by Lemon Extract

July 14, 1905 (from clipping believed to be from Bridgeport newspaper)

Dr. I. C. Hoke, a well-known dentist in Lawrence County, and who had been a resident of Bridgeport since last December, died in his dental rooms about 8:00 PM last Friday after an illness of a few hours. From the manner of his death it was evident that he died from the effects of some kind of poison.

Wednesday of last week Dr. Hoke called at the office of Dr. C. M. Lewis and stated that he (Hoke) was suffering from partial blindness and was feeling badly. Dr. Lewis prescribed for Hoke and on Thursday the latter spent several hours lying in the haymow at the livery barn. About 4 PM he made his way to his office in the Sage brick building on Main Street where he lived alone, ‘batching’ and did not appear on the street again until Friday morning when W.H. Black noticed him at the public well trying to fill a job with water. At that time Hoke was so near blind that he could not see to pour the water into the jug, which Mr. Black did for him. Hoke then asked for assistance in returning to his office, as he could not see the way and attorney Charles H. Martin accompanied the Doctor to his rooms and left him there. Later Dr. C. M. Lewis visited Hoke and prescribed for him, but he gradually grew worse retaining consciousness however until 4 PM from which time he sank rapidly expiring about 8 PM.

Under the circumstances it was deemed best to hold an inquest, accordingly Corner Abell was notified at St. Francisville, arriving here early Saturday morning. A jury was impaneled, witnesses examined and the following verdict rendered:

“We the jury, find that Dr. I. C. Hoke died from the effect of some poison inducing gastritis and other complications; said poison being wood alcohol, presumably contained in extract of lemon.

Deceased was a habitual drinker of extract of lemon and after his death 162 empty extract bottles were found in his rooms. This number of bottles, 162, is said to have been drank by the doctor within a period of four weeks prior to his death. It is also said that Hoke stated that on Thursday morning he drank two 5 1/2 ounce bottles of lemon extract.

On the other hand there are circumstances that point to the deliberate suicide. A few days previous to his demise Hoke disposed of nearly all of his scanty personal belongings, selling for the sum of $.50 all of his extra wearing apparel, retaining only the clothes he had on him. He was hopelessly involved financially, owing everyone from whom he could borrow or wheedle a dollar.  At least a score of persons had engaged dental work of him, and from each he collected, in advance, sums ranging from $.50 to $20, stating that he had to have the money to purchase material or to use for some urgent personal necessity.

Last Saturday three different persons called at his office expecting to find as many complete sets of teeth ready for them – – they found a dead man but no teeth. Even his operating chair had been taken from him, as he failed to pay a penny on it. Under these circumstances there are many who incline to the opinion that the man, in a fit of desperation or temporary mental aberration, deliberately drank wood alcohol.

Dr. Hoke was about 56 years of age and had no relatives in Bridgeport, but had three brothers residing near Huntington, Indiana. They were notified by wire, and gave directions to have the body prepared for shipment to Huntington which was done, B. F. Bunn taking charge. Deceased also had a wife – – from whom he had been separated from some years – – and a daughter residing in St. Louis, and the latter came Saturday night, returning to her home Sunday morning. The remains were shipped on the early eastbound train Sunday morning.

Thursday, June 25, 2015

US Infantry Badges

While doing the inventory of the Textile Collection, a small box of medals and badges were found.

 The first one shown above is the Combat Infantryman badge (CIB), awarded to infantrymen and Special Forces soldiers in the rank of Colonel and below, who personally fought in active ground combat while assigned as members of either an infantry, Ranger or Special Forces unit any time after Dec 6, 1941.  It recognizes the inherent sacrifices of all infantrymen face. After the US declaration of war in 1941 the War Dept. had difficulty recruiting infantry branch volunteers namely due to the fact  that of all the soldiers, it was recognized that the infantryman continuously operated under the worst conditions and suffered the most casualties while receiving the least public recognition.

The WWII CIB was a silver and enamel badge, consisting of a 3 inch wide rectangular bar with an infantry-blue field upon which is superimposed a Springfield Arsenal Musket, Model 1795. It is to be worn one quarter inch (0.25") above the service ribbons above the left breast pocket of the Class A uniform coat.

The Marksmanship Badge with Rifle Bar is earned by soldiers who qualify with a rifle during training.

The two gold colored crossed muskets, (showing two vintage 1795 Springfield muskets) is the Branch insignia of the US Infantry. It is 3/4" in height and was  first introduced into the Army as the insignia of officers and enlisted men of the Infantry in 1875.

Infantryman's Creed:  I am the Infantry. I am my country's strength in war. Her deterrent in peace. I am the heart of the fight..,.wherever, whenever. I carry America's faith and honor against her enemies. I am  the Queen of Battle. I am what my country expects me to be..the best trained soldier in the world. In the race for victory I am swift, determined, and courageous..armed with a fierce will to win.  Never will I betray my country's trust.  Always I fight on...through the foe, to the objective, to triumph over all.  If necessary, I will fight to my death.  By my steadfast courage, I have won more than 200 years of freedom. I yield not to weakness, to hunger, to cowardice, to fatigue, to superior odds, for I am mentally tough, physically strong, and morally straight.  I forsake country, my mission, my comrades, my sacred duty. I am relentless.  I am always there, now and forever.  I AM THE INFANTRY! FOLLOW ME!

Thanks to photographer, J Hamilton, and researcher T Gray.